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Open Access Highly Accessed Original investigation

CNX-012-570, a direct AMPK activator provides strong glycemic and lipid control along with significant reduction in body weight; studies from both diet-induced obese mice and db/db mice models

Tharappel M Anil, Chandrashekaran Harish, Mudigere N Lakshmi, KrishnaReddy Harsha, Mallappa Onkaramurthy, Venkatesh Sathish Kumar, Nitya Shree, Venkatachalaiah Geetha, Gundalmandikal V Balamurali, Aralakuppe S Gopala, Bobbili Madhusudhan Reddy, Madabosse K Govind, Mammen O Anup, Yoganand Moolemath, Marikunte V Venkataranganna, Madanahalli R Jagannath* and Baggavalli P Somesh

Author Affiliations

Connexios Life Sciences Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, India

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Cardiovascular Diabetology 2014, 13:27  doi:10.1186/1475-2840-13-27

Published: 25 January 2014

Abstract

Objectives

AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates the coordination of anabolic and catabolic processes and is an attractive therapeutic target for T2DM, obesity and metabolic syndrome. We report the anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects of CNX-012-570 is an orally bioavailable small molecule (molecular weight of 530 Daltons) that directly activates AMPK in DIO and db/db animal models of diabetes.

Methods

Activity and efficacy of the compound was tested in cell based as well as cell free systems in vitro. Male C57BL/6 mice fed with high fat diet (HFD) were assigned to either vehicle or CNX-012-570 (3 mg/kg, orally once a day) for 8 weeks (nā€‰=ā€‰8). Genetically diabetic db/db mice on chow diet were dosed with vehicle control or CNX-012-570 (2.5 mg/kg, orally once a day) for 6 weeks (nā€‰=ā€‰8).

Results

CNX-012-570 is a highly potent and orally bioavailable compound activating AMPK in both cell and cell free systems. It inhibits lipolysis (33%) and gluconeogenesis (28%) in 3T3L1 cells and rat primary hepatocytes respectively. The efficacy of the molecule was translated to both DIO and db/db animal models of diabetes. CNX-012-570 has reduced fasting blood glucose levels by 14%, body weight by 24% and fasting serum triglycerides (TG) by 24%. CNX-012-570 showed a 22% reduction in fed serum cholesterol levels and 19% increase in HDL levels.

In db/db mice model, CNX-012-570 has shown 18% decrease in fed glucose and 32% decrease in fasting glucose with a 2.57% reduction in absolute HbA1c. Decrease in serum insulin and glucose AUC indicates the increased insulin sensitivity. Body weight was reduced by 13% with increased browning of adipose tissue and decreased inguinal and mesenteric fat mass. There was significant reduction in liver TG and liver total cholesterol.

Conclusions

CNX-012-570 has the potential to control hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. It also reduces body weight gain with an additional benefit of minimizing cardiovascular risks in diabetics.

Keywords:
AMPK; CNX-012-570; Glucose; Insulin sensitivity; Triglycerides; Cholesterol and body weight