Table 5

Preferred antihypertensive agents based on subclinical organ damage, clinical events and comorbid conditions [6]

ARBs

ACE inhibitors

CCBs

Diuretics

β-blockers


Uncomplicated hypertension

+

+

+

+

-


Renal dysfunction

+

+

-

-

-


ESRD/proteinuria

+

+

-

Loop diuretics

-


Metabolic syndrome

+

+

+

-

-


Diabetes mellitus

+

+

-

-

-


Isolated systolic hypertension in the elderly

-

-

+

+

-


Abbreviations: ACE = angiotensin-converting enzyme; ARBs = angiotensin II receptor blockers; CCBs = calcium channel blockers; ESRD = end-stage renal disease.

Mallat Cardiovascular Diabetology 2012 11:32   doi:10.1186/1475-2840-11-32

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